Bus Rapid Transit Corridors, Plans & Projects

BRT: promise and peril

BRT done well offers the potential of metro-like levels of capacity, passenger service and speed at a fraction of the cost of metro systems. BRT also has a much faster implementation time frame and can rapidly provide a citywide reach, since BRT buses can enter and leave the BRT corridor. BRT done poorly provides none of these benefits. Planning, design, implementation and operation of high capacity BRT systems providing citywide benefits, starting with a preliminary or conceptual design, is a core focus area of Far East BRT.

Far East BRT's expertise

Far East BRT’s consultant team has expertise in all key aspects of BRT planning, design, implementation, supervision, and operation. These include: project set-up, BRT stations (configuration, dimensions, architecture, signage & identity, spacing), BRT roadways and intersections, technical supervision of implementation, demand analysis & modeling, operational design & fleet requirements, costings, communications & outreach, impact analysis, ITS elements, modal integration, station area development, regulation & institutions, traffic management during construction, impact analysis, and BRT station access planning.

Selected projects

Far East BRT’s team have planned, developed, implemented and/or provided technical supervision of BRT systems in cities worldwide, including a lead role on projects and plans in many major Asian cities.

Ulaanbaatar BRT

Far East BRT has worked on the ongoing Ulaaanbaatar BRT planning and design throughout 2016 and up to May 2017. Some updates on the project are available at the following articles:Ulaanbaatar BRT plans and designs taking shape(November 2016) andSmart cards provide accurate, comprehensive data in Ulaanbaatar(May 2016). Far East BRT's preliminary BRT design during 2016-2017 including corridor selection, intersections and traffic circulation, BRT stations (types, locations, access, dimensions, configuration, and access), and operational approach, is guiding and defining the ongoing BRT implementation in Ulaanbaatar.

Guiyang BRT

Far East BRT has provided ongoing input to the Guiyang BRT planning, including corridor selection and BRT corridor design and planning, for more than a year. Although the project is still in planning stages, BRT corridors and designs with excellent potential have been identified and a preliminary design carried out. In February 2017 Guiyang opened an earlier-planned BRT corridor along a ring road. Far East BRT was not involved in the planning of this system but, as part of the ongoing BRT planning in Guiyang, is assisting the city and operators to help find ways to improve demand and operational performance in this system.

Guangzhou BRT

TheGuangzhou BRTopened in February 2010 after Far East BRT experts at the time working for ITDP-China and GMEDRI led the planning, design and implementation from the conceptual design in 2005 through detailed engineering design in 2008 and construction in 2009. The system averages 800,000 passengers per day, and together with Bogota's Transmilenio is the only BRT system worldwide to carry more than 25,000 passengers per hour in a single direction, which is higher than most metro and all light rail lines worldwide. Guangzhou's BRT pioneered very high capacity 'direct service' BRT in which BRT buses enter and leave the BRT corridor without passengers needing to transfer.

The Guangzhou BRT won the Sustainable Transport Award in 2011 and has won many other national and international awards. Far East BRT experts provided key inputs at all stages of the planning, design and implementation of the Guangzhou BRT, and led the project during the conceptual design, engineering design and construction phases, as well as preparing detailed proposals for optimization and improvement after the system commenced operation.

Yichang BRT

Far East BRT experts at the time working for ITDP-China in 2012 won an international bid by the Asian Development Bank to provide the BRT preliminary design in Yichang, the second largest city in Hubei Province after Wuhan, and the site of the Three Gorges Dam. With strong support and guidance from the ADB's project manager, Far East BRT experts prepared the preliminary corridor design, demand analysis, operations, station and road design, and other system features of theYichang BRT. Based on the BRT conceptual design prepared in 2012 and a key role played by Far East BRT experts during the engineering design and construction phases, Yichang in July 2015 opened Asia’s second Gold Standard BRT system. The city implemented two BRT corridors in 2015 with $150 million in ADB loan funding, from the city center southward for 13km with 22 stations (opened July) and northward for 10km and 15 stations (mostly open November 2015, with 3km opening in 2016).

Yichang was awarded the 2016 Sustainable Transport Award in a ceremony in January. Seehttp://fareastbrt.com/en/city/yichangfor photos and media articles on the lead-up to and opening of the Yichang BRT in 2015.

Lanzhou BRT

Far East BRT experts helped transform the Asian Development Bank’s transport project in Lanzhou from one focusing mainly on utility tunnels to one of Asia's highest capacity BRT corridors. TheLanzhou BRTis the first BRT system based on a split station concept with BRT buses in the same direction stopping on both sides of a platform. This innovative design offers roughly the same capacity as that of a traditional split BRT station, but with half the length and only one meter in extra width. In May 2015 the system was averaging 309,000 daily passengers, and in 2014 a major bike sharing system was successfully implemented in Lanzhou, including along the BRT corridor.

Ji'an BRT

Far East BRT, under a contract with the Ji'an project management office and funded through the Asian Development Bank's project in the city, is assisting with and supervising the planning, design, implementation and operation of a BRT project connecting initially planned for a 31km BRT corridor connecting Ji'an with Ji'an County, and connecting the high speed railway station to the downtown area and old railway station. This is a multi-year project starting in early 2017. Far East BRT is also assisting with and supervising the planning, design, implementation and operation of greenways, non-motorized transport improvements, and traffic management measures including parking.

Other cities

Other cities where Far East BRT experts have been intensively involved and played lead roles in include:

  • Metro Manila BRT conceptual design (2015, in development - seemaps of Metro Manila bus routes)
  • Dandong BRT (2016, in planning)
  • Vientiane BRT (2014, approved by ADB Board in March 2015 for implementation)
  • Nanning BRT
  • Ulaanbaatar BRT (2011 and 2016, in planning/design for implementation starting 2017)
  • Kuala Lumpur BRT (Federal Highway - Tun Sambanthan 2012 conceptual design, approved but not yet implemented).

Cities where Far East BRT has played a signficant role include:

  • Peshawar BRT (2016, in planning, support provided to ITDP-Indonesia)
  • Yangon BRT (2017, in early planning, with a small ADB-funded study providing preliminary recommendations on BRT and other urban transport improvements in Yangon).

BRT impact analysis

Analyzing the impact of BRT projects requires a range of surveys implemented before and after the BRT is implemented. Far East BRT experts led the preparation and implementation of such surveys in several cities, including Guangzhou, Lanzhou, and Yichang.

Selected Far East BRT project/policy cities

(Includes some cities where involvement was prior to Far East BRT incorporation.)

Selected steps in BRT planning

BRT database

City System name Data Photos Map
Amsterdam Amsterdam Zuidtangent data Amsterdam photos Amsterdam Zuidtangent map
Bangkok Bangkok BRT data Bangkok photos Bangkok BRT map
Beijing Beijing BRT data Beijing photos Beijing BRT map
Bogota TransMilenio (Bogota) data Bogota photos TransMilenio (Bogota) map
Brisbane Brisbane Busway data Brisbane photos Brisbane Busway map
Cali Cali Mio data Cali photos Cali Mio map
Cape Town Cape Town IRT data Cape Town photos Cape Town IRT map
Changzhou Changzhou BRT data Changzhou photos Changzhou BRT map
Chengdu Chengdu BRT data Chengdu photos Chengdu BRT map
Dar es Salaam DART (Dar es Salaam) data Dar es Salaam photos DART (Dar es Salaam) map
Guangzhou Guangzhou BRT data Guangzhou photos Guangzhou BRT map
Guiyang Guiyang BRT data Guiyang photos Guiyang BRT map
Hangzhou Hangzhou BRT data Hangzhou photos Hangzhou BRT map
Islamabad Islamabad Metrobus data Islamabad photos Islamabad Metrobus map
Istanbul Istanbul Metrobus data Istanbul photos Istanbul Metrobus map
Jakarta Transjakarta Busway data Jakarta photos Transjakarta Busway map
Jinan Jinan BRT data Jinan photos Jinan BRT map
Johannesburg Johannesburg Rea Vaya data Johannesburg photos Johannesburg Rea Vaya map
Kuala Lumpur BRT Sunway (Kuala Lumpur) data Kuala Lumpur photos BRT Sunway (Kuala Lumpur) map
Lanzhou Lanzhou BRT data Lanzhou photos Lanzhou BRT map
Leon Leon Optibús data Leon photos Leon Optibús map
Lianyungang Lianyungang BRT data Lianyungang photos Lianyungang BRT map
Lima Lima Metropolitano data Lima photos Lima Metropolitano map
Los Angeles Los Angeles Orange Line data Los Angeles photos Los Angeles Orange Line map
Mexico City Mexico City MetroBus data Mexico City photos Mexico City MetroBus map
Nagoya Nagoya Yutorīto Line data Nagoya photos Nagoya Yutorīto Line map
Nantes Nantes Bus Way data Nantes photos Nantes Bus Way map
Paris Paris TVM data Paris photos Paris TVM map
Pune Pune metro region BRT data Pune photos Pune metro region BRT map
Quito Quito BRT data Quito photos Quito BRT map
Urumqi Urumqi BRT data Urumqi photos Urumqi BRT map
Xiamen Xiamen BRT data Xiamen photos Xiamen BRT map
Yancheng Yancheng BRT data Yancheng photos Yancheng BRT map
Yichang Yichang BRT data Yichang photos Yichang BRT map
Yinchuan Yinchuan BRT data Yinchuan photos Yinchuan BRT map
Zhengzhou Zhengzhou BRT data Zhengzhou photos Zhengzhou BRT map
Zhongshan Zhongshan BRT data Zhongshan photos Zhongshan BRT map
Data items
Peak throughput (passengers/hr/direction)
Peak city centre buses/hr/direction
BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE)
Year system commenced
System name
City centre peak hour speed
Full corridor peak hour speed
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare)
Operational mode
Number of BRT stations
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads
Routes operating only in busway corridors
System passenger-trips per day
Stations with functioning passing lanes
Most station substops
Fare type (flat fare or distance-based)
Median cash fare
Median smart card fare
Fleet of special BRT buses
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses
Fleet of integrated BRT feeder buses
Location of busway lanes
Longest BRT station (non terminal)
Shortest BRT station
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point)
Total length of dedicated busway
Length including mixed traffic portions
Station platform width (including walls & doors)
Station platform height
Average distance between stations
Number of corridors
Highest peak hour boardings at a single station
Highest full-day boardings at a single station
Type of fare collection / verification technology
Location of bus doorways
Number of BRT terminals
Number of BRT depots
Infrastructure cost per km
BRT bus operator(s)
12m BRT bus cost
18m BRT bus cost
Number of doors in BRT buses
BRT vehicle length
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses
BRT vehicle fuel
BRT bus manufacturer
Lead local design / planning work
Lead international design / planning work
Project website
BRT management agency
Major prizes
Fare system vendor
Sliding door system vendor
Surveillance system vendor
Operating hours
Infrastructure financing source
Yes / no items
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways
Network of routes and corridors
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations
Real-time next bus information displays
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations
Wheelchair accessible stations
More than one BRT bus operator
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification
Distinctive BRT buses
Distinctive marketing identity for system
Distinctive BRT stations
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations
Sliding doors in BRT stations
Stations away from intersections
Competitively bid operating contracts
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger
No operational subsidy from government
Buses paid for by operators rather than government
Oversight from an independent entity/agency
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)
Automated fare collection and fare verification
Station size based on passenger demand
Full weather protection on most station platforms
Full weather protection on all station platforms
Covered station access
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels
System control centre
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections
Level boarding and alighting
High-quality passenger information at stations
High-quality passenger information on buses
Audio announcements on BRT buses
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations
Bicycle parking at BRT stations
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)
Improvements to nearby public space
BRT authority plans and controls the system
Physical BRT laneway dividers